Dresden Faculty selection procedure for medical students: what impact does it have, what is the outcome?

A. Graupner PhD
M. Hänsel PhD
P. Dieter PhD
S. Klupp
Thea Koch MD PhD
Soort article
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Since 2004 German universities have been able to use a selection procedure to admit up to 60 percent of new students. In 2005, the Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine at Dresden introduced a new admission procedure. In order to take account of cognitive as well as non-cognitive competencies the Faculty used the following selection criteria based on the legal regulations for university-admissions: 1. the grade point average of the school-leaving exam (SSC, Abitur), 2. marks in relevant school subjects; 3. profession and work experience; 4, premedical education; and 5. a structured interview. In order to evaluate the effects of the Faculty admission procedures applied in the years 2005, 2006 and 2007, the results on the First National Medical Examination (FNME) were compared between the candidates selected by the Faculty procedures (CSF-group) and the group of candidates admitted by the Central Office for the Allocation of Places in Higher Education (the ZVS group, comprising the subgroups: ZVS best, ZVS rest and ZVS total). The rates of participation in the FNME within the required minimum time of 2 years of medical studies were higher in the CSF group compared to the ZVS-total group. The FNME pass rates were lowest in the ZVS rest group and highest in the ZVS best group. The ZVS best group and the ZVS total group showed the best FMNE results, whereas the results of the CSF-group were equal or worse compared to the ZVS rest group. No correlation was found between the interview results and the FNME results. According to studies of the prognostic value of various selection instruments, the school leaving grade point average seems the best predictor of success on the FNME. In order to validate the non-cognitive selection instruments of the Faculty procedure, complementary instruments are needed to measure non-cognitive aspects that are not captured by the FNME-results. (Hansel M, Klupp S, Graupner A, Dieter P, Koch T. Dresden Faculty selection procedure for medical students: what impact does it have, what is the outcome? Netherlands Journal of Medical Education 2010;29(1):66–72)


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